A peer-to-peer (P2P) service is a decentralized platform in which two individuals interact directly with each other, without the intermediation of a third party. Instead, the buyer and seller transact directly with each other through the P2P service. The P2P platform may offer search, sorting, rating, payment processing, or escrow services. The modern concept of P2P became popular with file-sharing systems, such as the music-sharing application Napster, which appeared in 1999. This model of network organization differs from the client-server model, in which communication is usually to and from a central server.
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